Call us

(605) 900-6818

Email us

West River

925 Dilger Ave #10 Rapid City, SD 57701

East River

3702 S. Westport Ave Sioux Falls, SD 57106

10 Types of Roof Styles

Have you ever considered the impact your roof style has on your home’s character, efficiency, and resilience? With the vast array of types of roof styles available, making the right choice can transform your home’s aesthetic appeal, enhance its energy efficiency, and significantly improve its resistance to the elements.

From the classic charm of asphalt shingles to the durability of metal, and the elegance of slate, each roof type offers a unique blend of benefits and challenges. Understanding these differences is crucial for homeowners looking to make an informed decision about their roofing needs.

The importance of selecting the right roof goes beyond mere appearance; it’s about safeguarding your home against the unpredictable forces of nature while optimizing for energy efficiency and longevity. That’s where the expertise and experience of Paramount Exteriors come into play.

As South Dakota’s premier roofing specialists, we offer unparalleled service across every type of roof style, backed by a team of professionals who are not only well-versed in industry-specific standards but also experienced in navigating the complexities of insurance claims for storm damage.

Don’t leave your roofing needs to chance. Reach out to Paramount Exteriors for a comprehensive evaluation of your roofing options. Schedule a free, no-obligation inspection today and ensure your home is capped with quality, expertise, and peace of mind.

What Are the Different Types of Roof Styles?

A collage of many pictures with fragments of various types of roofing close up. A set of images with roof coating textures

There are numerous types of roof styles to choose from, each with its own distinctive features and benefits. The diverse range of roof styles available offers homeowners a plethora of options to enhance both the functionality and aesthetics of their homes.

The choice of roof style depends on factors such as the architectural style of the building, the local climate, and personal preferences. Let’s dive deeper into each of these roof styles to understand their characteristics and advantages.

1. Asphalt Shingle Roof

Asphalt shingle roofs are the quintessential choice for homeowners seeking a blend of affordability, durability, and aesthetic versatility. Renowned for their cost-effectiveness, asphalt shingles offer a wide range of colors and styles, allowing for a high degree of customization to match any home’s exterior design. These shingles are made from fiberglass or organic materials saturated with asphalt, then coated with mineral granules, providing a waterproof and UV-resistant barrier.

One of the most compelling advantages of asphalt shingle roofing is its ease of installation and maintenance. Many roofing professionals are well-versed in handling asphalt shingles, making it easier to find skilled installers and repair services. Furthermore, should damage occur, replacing individual shingles is a straightforward process, significantly reducing maintenance headaches.

Asphalt roofs are designed to withstand the elements, offering good resistance to wind, fire, and moderate impact. With proper installation and maintenance, an asphalt shingle roof can protect your home for 20 to 30 years, making it a wise investment for those seeking a balance between cost and longevity.

However, it’s essential to consider your specific climate and environmental conditions when choosing asphalt shingles. In areas with extreme temperature fluctuations, special attention should be paid to selecting high-quality shingles designed for such conditions to prevent premature deterioration.

2. Metal Roof

Metal roofing stands out as a premium choice for homeowners looking to combine longevity, efficiency, and style in their roofing options. Characterized by its exceptional durability, metal roofs can last 40 to 70 years, depending on the material, surpassing many traditional roofing materials. Metal roofs, specifically those made of metal shingles, are highly resistant to wind, fire, and impact, making them an excellent choice for areas prone to severe weather conditions.

A notable advantage of metal roofing is its energy efficiency. Metal reflects solar radiant heat, which can reduce cooling costs by 10-25%. Additionally, metal roofs are environmentally friendly, often made from recycled materials and fully recyclable at the end of their lifespan.

Variety in color and style is another hallmark of metal roofing, with options ranging from the classic standing seam to tiles and shingles that mimic other materials. This versatility allows homeowners to achieve a desired aesthetic without compromising on performance.

Despite the higher initial cost compared to some other roofing materials, the long-term savings in maintenance, repair, and energy bills make metal roofs a financially savvy investment. Their performance and aesthetic flexibility make them a compelling option for homeowners looking to enhance their home’s durability and curb appeal.

3. Flat Roof

Flat roofs offer a modern, streamlined aesthetic that is particularly popular in commercial and contemporary residential architecture. This roof style is characterized by its minimal slope, with a slight slope of about 1-2 degrees, which is designed for efficient water runoff despite appearing level. The simplicity of flat roofs allows for additional living space, including rooftop gardens or patio areas, making them a versatile choice for urban environments.

However, it’s important to note that the flat surface of these roofs may require more maintenance and attention than other roof designs, such as curved roofs or dome roofs, as it can make it more difficult to access for repairs or cleaning.

One of the primary advantages of flat roofing is the cost-effectiveness in terms of installation and materials. They are easier to access for maintenance and repairs than pitched roofs. Flat roofs can also be energy efficient, with options for reflective coatings that reduce heat absorption.

However, proper installation and maintenance are crucial to prevent water pooling and leakage. Advanced materials such as PVC, TPO, and EPDM rubber offer durable, waterproof surfaces that can withstand the elements. Flat roofs require regular inspection and maintenance to ensure their longevity and performance.

In essence, flat roofs provide a practical, aesthetically pleasing roofing option with opportunities for space utilization and energy savings, making them an appealing choice for modern architectural designs.

4. Tile Roof

Tile roofing, synonymous with durability and timeless elegance, offers an exceptional blend of aesthetic versatility and longevity. Traditionally made from clay or concrete, tile roofs can last over 100 years with proper installation and maintenance. This roofing style is known for its ability to withstand harsh weather conditions, including high winds, heavy rains, and even fire, making it an excellent choice for safety-conscious homeowners.

The aesthetic appeal of tile roofing is unmatched, with a wide range of colors, styles, and finishes that can complement any architectural design, from classic to contemporary. Tiles can mimic the appearance of other materials like wood shake or slate, providing homeowners the opportunity to customize their home’s exterior without sacrificing functionality.

Energy efficiency is another significant benefit of tile roofs. This roof style possesses heavy thermal mass that helps regulate indoor temperatures, keeping homes cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter, which can lead to reduced energy costs.

While the initial investment for a tile roof may be higher than some other materials, the long-term savings in maintenance and energy costs, combined with its durability and aesthetic appeal, make it a worthwhile investment for homeowners seeking a roof that combines performance with beauty.

5. Slate Roof

A slate roof epitomizes the pinnacle of natural beauty and longevity in roofing materials. Formed from natural slate rock, these roofs are celebrated for their distinctive appearance, with each slate tile contributing to a unique roofscape that can complement any architectural style. Known for its remarkable durability, a slate roof can last over a century, making it a once-in-a-lifetime investment for many homeowners.

Slate roof’s resistance to extreme weather, fire, and mold, coupled with its low maintenance requirements, positions it as an elite roofing choice. Additionally, slate’s natural insulating properties can enhance energy efficiency, providing a cooler home in summer and retaining warmth in winter. Its elegance, endurance, and ecological benefits make slate roofing an unparalleled option for those seeking an amalgam of aesthetic appeal and functional superiority in their roofing choice.

6. Cedar Shake Roof

The cedar shake roof, with its distinctive natural beauty and rustic charm, is a popular choice for homeowners seeking a blend of tradition and natural aesthetics. Made from split cedar logs, these roofs provide a textured, dimensional look that adds character to any home. Cedar shakes are known for their durability and resistance to severe storms, UV rays, and insect damage, thanks to the natural oils in the wood shingles.

This roofing material also offers energy efficiency benefits, as cedar provides natural insulation that can help regulate indoor temperatures. Over time, cedar shakes weather to a distinctive silver-gray color, enhancing the roof’s aesthetic appeal while blending with the natural environment. The unique properties of cedar, combined with its environmental benefits and insulating qualities, make cedar shake roofs a compelling choice for homeowners valuing aesthetics, durability, and energy efficiency.

7. Laminated Shingles

Laminated shingles, often referred to as architectural or dimensional shingles, are a high-quality roofing material that represents a significant advancement over the traditional 3-tab asphalt shingle. Unlike their 3-tab counterparts, laminated shingles consist of two or more layers of shingle material bonded together, giving them a multidimensional texture and a more substantial appearance. This multi-layer construction not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of the roof but also contributes to its durability and longevity.

The top layer of a laminated shingle typically features a varied pattern and coloration, mimicking the look of natural wood shakes or slate tiles without the high cost and maintenance demands of these materials. The additional layers beneath provide added strength, making laminated shingles more resistant to wind uplift, impact damage from hail, and other environmental stressors. This resilience is further bolstered by modern manufacturing processes that incorporate advanced materials, such as fiberglass reinforcement and asphalt formulations enhanced with polymers.

One of the key advantages of laminated shingles is their aesthetic versatility. They are available in a wide range of colors, patterns, and textures, allowing homeowners to achieve a customized look that complements their home’s architectural style. Whether the goal is to mimic the rustic charm of natural cedar shakes or the elegant appearance of slate, laminated shingles can provide a convincing and cost-effective alternative.

From a performance standpoint, laminated shingles offer superior protection against the elements. Their layered construction helps to deflect wind and resist tearing, while the quality asphalt composition ensures a high degree of waterproofing. Many laminated shingle products come with extended manufacturer warranties, reflecting their expected longevity, which can be 30 years or more under optimal conditions.

8. Gable Roof

A gable roof is one of the most popular and timeless roof designs found across a variety of architectural styles worldwide. Characterized by its triangular shape, a gable roof consists of two roof panels pitched in opposite directions, which meet at the central ridge, forming a peak or a gable at each end.

This design not only contributes to the aesthetic appeal of a building but also offers practical advantages, making it a preferred choice for residential, commercial, and even some industrial buildings. With its classic and versatile roof shape, the standard gable roof, is a staple in the world of architecture and design.

From an architectural and construction standpoint, gable roofs are appreciated for their simplicity and efficiency. They are easier and more cost-effective to build compared to more complex roof structures. The sloping sides of a gable roof allow for rainwater and heavy snow runoff to slide off easily, reducing the risk of water accumulation and the potential damage it can cause. This characteristic makes gable roofs particularly suitable for regions with heavy rain and heavy snowfall.

Ventilation and attic space are additional benefits provided by gable roofs. The design allows for ample attic space, which can be used for storage or converted into living space, adding to the building’s usable area. Moreover, the structure of gable roofs facilitates effective ventilation, helping regulate temperature and moisture levels within the building. This can contribute to a more comfortable living environment and the longevity of the roof structure.

However, while gable roofs offer numerous advantages, they are not without their vulnerabilities. In areas prone to strong winds or hurricanes, gable roofs can be susceptible to damage if not properly reinforced. The overhangs of the gable can catch wind much like a sail, potentially leading to uplift or, in extreme cases, structural failure.

To mitigate this risk, modern construction practices and building codes often require specific techniques to strengthen gable roofs in such regions, including the use of hurricane ties and enhanced framing methods.

9. Gambrel Roof

A Gambrel roof, often associated with barns and colonial architecture, is a distinctive and versatile roofing style that has been widely adopted in various regions for its practical and aesthetic advantages.

Characterized by its symmetrical two-sided design, a Gambrel roof features two slopes on each side: the upper slope is positioned at a shallow angle, while the lower slope is much steeper, resembling a barn roof.

This unique configuration allows for a significant increase in living or storage space under the roof, making it an ideal choice for attic conversions, barns, and residential homes seeking to maximize interior volume without expanding the building’s footprint.

Technically, the design of a Gambrel roof presents a series of engineering and construction advantages. The steep lower slopes offer a quick runoff for precipitation, which is crucial in preventing water penetration and prolonging the roof’s lifespan.

Meanwhile, the shallower upper slopes maximize the headroom and usable space beneath the roof, which can be particularly beneficial for residential attic spaces or barn lofts. This design also allows for better ventilation and lighting within the space, contributing to a more comfortable and livable environment.

Constructing a Gambrel roof requires precise planning and craftsmanship to ensure structural integrity and longevity. The use of modern materials and techniques has allowed for enhanced durability and insulation properties, making Gambrel roofs a competitive option in contemporary architecture as well. Whether applied to traditional farmhouses, modern homes, or commercial buildings, the Gambrel roof remains a testament to the blend of functional utility and aesthetic appeal.

10. Mansard Roof

A Mansard roof is a distinctive architectural element that originated in the 16th century but saw its peak popularity during the French Second Empire in the mid-19th century. This type of roof is characterized by a four-sided design with two distinct slopes on each side: the lower slope is significantly steeper than the upper one, and often the lower slope is nearly vertical, while the upper is almost flat.

The design allows for additional living space under the roof, making Mansard roofs not only an aesthetic choice but also a practical solution for maximizing the usable space within a building. The steep slope of the lower section of the roof creates a unique look and provides extra space for living or storage.

Mansard roofs are often adorned with windows, commonly dormer windows, which are built into the lower slope to bring light into the attic space, now turned into comfortable living quarters. This inclusion further enhances the roof’s practicality, as it effectively converts the attic into a more livable and inviting space.

The windows, along with elaborate details often found on Mansard roofs, such as intricate trim and ornamental elements, contribute to the roof’s visually striking appearance, making it a popular choice for buildings seeking to exhibit a touch of elegance and historical flair.

Another type of roof that also maximizes natural light and ventilation is the clerestory roof, which features a vertical row of windows at the top of the roof line.

From a construction standpoint, Mansard roofs are more complex to build than simple gable or hip roofs due to their unique shape and the need for additional structural supports to handle the steep angles. However, the investment in a Mansard roof can significantly increase the value and functionality of a property by adding extra living space without the need to expand the building’s footprint. This feature makes it an attractive option for urban areas where land is scarce and expensive.

How to Choose Roofing Shingles for Your Type of Roof Style?

Selecting the right shingles is a critical decision that can impact your home’s appearance, protection, and value. Careful consideration of these factors will help ensure that you make the best choice for your roof style and needs.

Consider the Architectural Style

Each home has a unique architectural design that can be complemented by the right type of roofing shingle. For classic homes, traditional asphalt shingles might be the best fit, while slate or tile shingles could enhance the elegance of historic or luxury homes. Consider the architectural style of your home to ensure the shingles accentuate its features and add natural light and ventilation to the interior space.

Evaluate Climate and Durability

The climate you live in significantly impacts the type of shingles you should choose. For areas prone to severe weather conditions, like high winds or hail, look for shingles with a high wind rating and impact resistance. Materials like metal or rubberized asphalt can offer the durability you need.

Aesthetic and Color Choices

Roofing shingles come in various colors and styles. Selecting a color that complements your home’s siding, trim, and surrounding landscape can boost curb appeal. Light-colored shingles can reflect sunlight and help keep homes cooler in warm climates, while dark-colored shingles may be more suitable for cooler regions.

Energy Efficiency

Some roofing shingles are designed to be energy-efficient, helping to reduce heating and cooling costs. Look for shingles with energy-efficient ratings or materials that naturally provide better insulation. Metal roofs, for example, reflect solar radiant heat away from your home.

Budget and Longevity

Your budget and the desired lifespan of your roof are crucial considerations. While slate and tile roofs are more expensive, they can last over 100 years with proper maintenance. Asphalt shingles are more affordable but typically have a shorter lifespan. Balancing cost with the expected durability can guide your selection process.

Maintenance Requirements

Different types of shingles require varying levels of maintenance. Consider how much time and money you are willing to invest in upkeep. For example, cedar shakes may require more maintenance than asphalt shingles but offer a unique aesthetic and natural insulation.

Consult with Roofing Experts

Before making a decision, seek advice from roofing professionals who can provide insights based on experience with different materials and roof styles.

Final Thoughts

Choosing the perfect roof style is more than just an aesthetic decision; it’s about ensuring your home stands strong against the elements, operates efficiently, and reflects your unique taste.

As we’ve explored the vast array of roof styles, from the traditional charm of asphalt shingles and cedar shakes to the modern appeal of flat roofs and the enduring elegance of slate and tile, it’s clear that each type offers distinct advantages.

However, it is important to note that when choosing a roof style, the roof slope must also be taken into consideration to ensure proper installation and longevity. But the decision doesn’t stop at selecting a style; it extends to choosing a roofing contractor who can bring your vision to life with expertise, reliability, and unparalleled service.

Paramount Exteriors stands as your trusted ally in this journey. With our comprehensive expertise across every roofing material and style, coupled with our dedication to quality and customer satisfaction, we ensure your roofing project exceeds expectations.

Don’t let the choice of your roof style be a daunting task. Let Paramount Exteriors guide you through the process with ease and confidence. Schedule your free, no-obligation inspection today. Discover why we’re the premier choice for homeowners seeking excellence in roofing.

Filter By:

Request A Quote